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9. Miljöskydd

Krav

Det är viktigt att ni känner till era leverantörers miljöpåverkan och deras agerande för att förebygga miljöskydd.

Observera att miljöskydd är grundläggande krav. Avgör vilka miljöaspekter som är relevant för ditt företag beroende på vilken miljöpåverkan ni har i er verksamhet.

Environment and Safety Issues

Managing Environmental Aspects

The supplier must strive to minimise the adverse environmental impacts of its activities, products and services through a proactive approach and responsible management of its environmental aspects (including, but not limited to):

  • Use of scarce natural resources, energy and water
  • Emissions to air and releases to water
  • Noise, odour and dust emission
  • Potential and actual soil contamination
  • Waste management (hazardous and non-hazardous substances)
  • Product issues (design, packaging, transport, use and recycling/disposal)

Complying with Environmental Legislation

The supplier shall maintain awareness of current environmental legislative requirements, which are relevant to the environmental impacts of its activities, products and services. Also, it must ensure legal compliance through training, awareness, operational control and monitoring.
 

Continuously Improving Environmental Performance

The supplier shall demonstrate continuous improvements of the overall environmental performance related to significant environmental aspects.

 

Industrial Accidents and Health Emergencies

The supplier shall establish and maintain emergency procedures to effectively prevent and address all health emergencies and industrial accidents that can affect the surrounding community or have an adverse impact on the environment.
 

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Särskilda fokusområden som är relevanta för vissa industrier

För vissa företag kan det vara relevant att utvidga miljöledningssystemet till att omfatta områden som:

  • Luftemissioner
  • Biodiversitet
  • Kemikalier och farliga ämnen
  • CO2 utsläpp och energiförbrukning
  • Markförorening
  • Farligt avfall
  • Buller, lukt, ljus och vibrationer
  • Användande av naturresurser 
  • Avloppsvatten 

Avgör vilket eller vilka områden som är relevanta för just ditt företag.

Environment and Safety Issues

Air Emission

Note: The six greenhouse gasses are covered in the section “Climate and energy use”.

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for emission to air.
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements on emissions to air (e.g. certain air pollution standards and limit values covering the specific type of production).
  • The supplier documents and provides information on levels and types of relevant emissions to air - including documentation of adequate training of employees responsible for air emissions.
  • The supplier includes diffuse emissions from its activities in estimates of total emissions.
  • There are no visible signs of soot or other particles in and nearby the supplier’s facilities as a result of their emissions to air.
  • The supplier keeps emissions in closed systems before emitted to air.
  • The supplier cleans / treats emissions before emitted to air (e.g. by applying filters).
  • The supplier clearly attempts to reduce air emissions through production efficiencies.
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Environment and Safety Issues

Biodiversity

  • The supplier has the necessary permits to operate in or alter the natural environment and ecosystem (e.g. within or nearby a protected area or high conservation value area - rainforest, lake, etc).
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements regarding operations in and alterations of the natural environment (e.g. GMO/biodiversity/ environmental impact assessment carried out prior to the operation).
  • The supplier affirms the commitment to operate within the framework of international conventions addressing biodiversity (e.g. the Convention on Biological Diversity, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the CITES Convention).
  • The supplier documents positive and negative impacts on the natural environment, ecosystems and/or specific species of high conservation status (e.g. IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species).
  • The supplier documents that its products or production methods have no or only limited negative impact on biodiversity (e.g. no alien invasive species).
  • The supplier clearly labels products containing GMOs or indicates if GMOs have been used in the production process.
  • The supplier has not had any spills or unintended releases of GMOs (e.g. within the last two years).
  • The supplier documents that employees have been adequately trained to handle GMOs and have the right competencies.
  • The supplier’s facilities and operations are not positioned or taking place within or close to sensitive ecosystems and or protected areas.
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent, minimise and remedy significant biodiversity impacts (e.g. through planting of native species, areas set aside to restore natural habitats, environmentally friendly practises in agriculture, forestry, mining, etc).  
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Environment and Safety Issues

Chemical Substances and Products

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for the handling, use and storage of chemicals and dangerous substances.
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements for the handling, use and storage of chemicals and dangerous substances (e.g. certain standards or procedures of use).
  • The supplier does not manufacture, trade and/or use chemicals and hazardous substances subject to regional or international bans or phase-outs (e.g. persistent organic pollutants like DDT and dioxins [1], ozone depleting substances like CFCs [2]; certain hazardous substances like cadmium and PBB [3]; and restriction on the use of chemicals [4]).
  • The supplier documents a list or register of all chemicals and dangerous substances used in production and maintenance (e.g. over the past three years).
  • The supplier provides information on safe handling and use of chemicals and dangerous substances both in production and storage areas - including documentation of adequate training of employees who handle chemicals and other dangerous substances.
  • The supplier clearly marks areas used for storage of chemicals and dangerous substances.
  • The supplier properly labels all chemicals and dangerous substances including name of the chemical and a relevant symbol of danger.
  • The supplier substitutes with less harmful chemicals and substances where possible.

_______________________________________

[1] Stockholm POP Convention
[2] Montreal Protocol
[3] EU RoHS Directive on electronic equipment
[4] EU REACH
 

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Environment and Safety Issues

Climate and Energy use

  • The supplier complies with regulation regarding use of energy resources and emissions of the six greenhouse gasses (CO2 - Carbon dioxide, CH4 - Methane, N2O - Nitrous oxide, PFCs - Perfluorocarbons, HFCs - Hydrofluorocarbons, SF6 - Sulphur hexafluoride) [1] (e.g. European Emissions Trading Scheme or other national legislation regarding climate).
  • The supplier measures and is able to document emissions of greenhouse gasses and energy use.
  • The supplier has targets for reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses and energy use.
  • The supplier has targets for the use of renewable energy sources to reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
  • The supplier has an action programme for meeting reduction targetson emissions of greenhouse gasses and energy use.

________________________________________

[1] See: www.unfccc.int

 

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Environment and Safety Issues

Ground Contamination

  • The supplier complies with any legal requirements in relation to ground contamination (e.g. required to report on contamination, certain standards or methods applied to prevent, minimise and remedy).
  • The supplier maps and clearly marks and communicates areas where contamination of the ground has or may have occurred.
  • The supplier documents that employees involved in the handling of contaminated ground are adequately trained and have the right competencies.
  • The supplier documents what types of ground contamination have and are taking place and when (e.g. within the past ten years or more).
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent, minimise and remedy contamination of the ground (e.g. through protective layers on/in the ground, in situ or ex situ bioremediation - biological ‘cleaning’ of the contaminated matter).
  • The supplier has an emergency plan in the case of spills and accidents.
  • The supplier has adequate and safe storage facilities for chemicals, oil, fuel and other dangerous or polluting substances.
     
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Environment and Safety Issues

Hazardous and non-hazardous waste

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for the handling, storage and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements for the handling, disposal and storage of hazardous and non-hazardous waste (e.g. on-site by landfill or incineration, certain standards or procedures).
  • The supplier documents a list or register of hazardous and non-hazardous waste handled, stored and disposed of, including type and quantity (e.g. over the past three years).
  • The supplier provides information on safe handling, storage and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous waste - including documentation of adequate training of employees who handle hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
  • The supplier clearly marks areas used for storage of hazardous and non-hazardous waste.
  • The supplier properly labels all barrels and containers containing hazardous and non-hazardous waste e.g. including type of waste and a relevant symbol of danger.
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent and reduce the production of hazardous and non-hazardous waste through production efficiencies and alternatives.
  • The supplier documents disposal receipts from transport contractors.
  • The supplier ensures that contractors are licensed for transport, storage and final disposal of hazardous waste.
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Environment and Safety Issues

Noise, Odour, Light and Vibrations

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for levels of noise, odour, light and vibrations.
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements for levels of noise, odour, light and vibrations (e.g. certain standards or procedures).
  • The supplier documents a list or register of levels of noise, odour, light and vibrations that can have negative impacts on the surrounding environment incl. frequencies (e.g. over the past three years).
  • The supplier provides information on safe management of noise, odour, light and vibrations - including documentation of adequate training of employees who manage noise, odour, light and vibrations.
  • There are no significant levels of noise, odour, light and vibrations that appear to negatively impact the surrounding environment.
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent, minimise and remedy the levels of noise odour and light (e.g. enclosed production, shielding, etc).  
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Environment and Safety Issues

Natural Resource Use

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for the cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources in production (renewable and non-renewable).
  • The supplier complies with legal requirements regarding the cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources (e.g. wood, water, fish, metals, oil, etc).
  • The supplier documents a list or register regarding the cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources.
  • The supplier documents that employees involved in cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources are adequately trained and have the right competencies.
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent, minimise and remedy significant impacts from the cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources through environmentally friendly methods, efficiencies and alternative resource use.
  • The supplier knows and can document the origin of all natural resources cultivated, harvested, extracted and/or used in production.
  • The supplier’s cultivation, harvest, extraction and/or production related use of natural resources (e.g. water) do not negatively affect the surrounding natural environment or communities.
  • The supplier’s cultivation, harvest and/or use of renewable resources do not negatively affect the sustainability of the resource (e.g. ability to regenerate - for example over-fishing).
  • The supplier demonstrates efforts to substitute non-renewable resources used in production with renewable resources.  
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Environment and Safety Issues

Waste Water

  • The supplier has the necessary permits for waste water discharges.
  • The supplier complies with any other legal requirements on waste water discharges (e.g. certain standards and limit values for waste water discharges).
  • If treatment of waste water takes places outside the supplier’s premises, the supplier demonstrates awareness of the effectiveness of the treatment.
  • The supplier documents a list or register of water consumption and waste water discharges including content, type, limit value and quantity (e.g. over the past three years).
  • The sum of internal measurements is consistent with the bill paid to the water supplier and or waste water treatment plant.
  • The supplier provides information on safe management of waste water - including documentation of adequate training of employees who handle and manage waste water.
  • The supplier keeps waste water in closed systems before discharged.
  • The supplier does not have or cause any diffuse sources (not controlled) of waste water discharge.
  • The supplier treats the waste water before discharged to reduce adverse environmental impacts.
  • The supplier documents periodic waste water analysis.
  • The supplier clearly attempts to prevent and reduce waste water discharges through production efficiencies (e.g. waste water recycling, use of less harmful substances and reduction of the use of harmful substances).
  • There are no visible signs of untreated water discharges and associated pollution at and nearby the supplier’s facility.
  • The supplier’s sewage systems and storage facilities (if present) appear to be in a good condition. 
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Viden om

Nedan följer en detaljerad beskrivning av de krav som ställs i konventioner och standarder när det gäller miljöskydd:

12.1. Miljöledningssystem
Leverantören bör kontinuerligt utvärdera sin verksamhet, sina produkter och tjänster för att få kännedom om miljöpåverkan och potentiell miljöpåverkan i händelse av förutsebara olyckor (t ex industriolyckor och utsläpp). Leverantören bör i detta avseende ha redskap för att avgöra vilken miljöpåverkan – verklig eller potentiell – som är den mest betydande.

Leverantören bör sträva efter att minimera denna eventuella påverkan genom effektiv kontroll av de förhållanden som åstadkommer eller riskerar åstadkomma betydande miljöpåverkan, bland annat

  • Användning av knappa naturresurser, energi och vatten
  • Utsläpp till luft och vattendrag
  • Buller, lukt och utsläpp
  • Potentiella eller faktiska markföroreningar
  • Hantering och bortförsel av farliga ämnen
  • Avfallshantering
  • Produktrelaterade förhållanden (design, förpackning, transport, användning och återvinning)

Effektiv hantering av miljöförhållandena innebär att fastställa det organisatoriska ansvaret för åtgärder som påverkar omfattningen av miljöpåverkan, att säkerställa att det finns tillräckligt med utbildade nyckelpersoner och se till att arbetet utförs under bestämda villkor, som inkluderar lämplig instruktion.

Slutligen skall den organisatoriska beredskapen inför eventuella nödsituationer upprättas med syftet att hindra och minimera miljöpåverkan.

12.2. Enlighet med relevant miljölagstiftning
Leverantören ska alltid känna till de miljökrav som är relevanta för verksamhet, produkter och tjänster. Detta kräver att man bevakar ny miljölagstiftning, begär in relevanta kravdokument, förmedlar information till nyckelpersoner inom organisationen samt tar bort ogiltiga kravdokument.

Leverantören bör i detta sammanhang säkerställa att nyckelpersonerna verkligen har kunskap om de relevanta miljökraven. Detta sker genom utbildning, dialog och en effektiv verksamhetsstyrning.

Leverantören ska genom övervakning och mätning av betydande miljöpåverkan regelbundet se till att befintlig relevant miljölagstiftning efterlevs.

12.3. Ständig förbättring av insatser och resultat
Leverantören ska kunna visa löpande förbättringar i sin miljöledning och i de resultat som insatserna leder till i form av minskad miljöpåverkan och/eller risknivå för eventuell påverkan.

Detta kräver att man fastställer förbättringsmål med tillhörande handlingsplaner för minskning av utvalda betydande miljöeffekter och/eller effektiviteten av den planerade systematiska miljöledningen. Det krävs då kontinuerlig mätning och registrering av framsteg för att dokumentera resultatet.

Slutligen bör miljöledningsarbetet noggrant granskas genom att man kontrollerar insatser och resultat i syfte att verkställa eventuella korrigerande åtgärder, och för att fastställa nya förbättringsmål.